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    The Review of Present and Future Energy Structure in China

    [期刊]SAE International


    [作者]Feiqi Liu, Fuquan Zhao, Han Hao, Zongwei Liu


    [摘要]Both the economy and energy demand increase rapidly in China. The government is facing severe problems from energy security, carbon emissions and environmental issues. The past trends and future plans of energy will have great influence on the transportation, construction and industry development. This paper summarizes the present and future energy structure in China. Conventional fossil energy, nuclear energy and renewable energy are all included. Electricity will account for more proportion in total energy consumption in the future, and the structure of electricity will be cleaner. That will promote the development of electric vehicles and the transformation of China’s automotive industry. The optimization of energy structure will accelerate the low-carbon development in China. China’s energy development will enter a new stage from the expansion of total quantity to the upgrading of quality and efficiency. In order to realize the Paris Climate Agreement, China must steadily control the total energy consumption. The energy consumption in China will be in a period of slow growth. Constantly optimizing the energy structure and promoting enewable energy will both ease the energy crisis and ensure that China’s goal of reducing CO2 emissions can be achieved. China will further strengthen international cooperation in energy projects in the future. Through the cooperation, the energy structure in China will be further optimized. The efficient technology research & development and infrastructure construction of energy storage and remote power transfer will be vital to energy development. It will have influence on the future promotion of various renewable energy resources. The government will propel the reform of the oil and gas industry, and gradually open the market to the social capital. This measure will emphasize the role of the market in the energy development.

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