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    The Negative Impact of Vehicular Intelligence on Energy Consumption

    [期刊]Journal of Advanced Transportation


    [作者]Zongwei Liu,Hong Tan,Xu Kuang,Han Hao,Fuquan Zhao


    [摘要]Thedevelopment of intelligent vehicle will provide the Chinese automotive industry with a strategic opportunity for transformation and upgrading. Vehicular intelligence provides new solutions for energy conservation and emissions mitigation. However, the process of vehicular intelligence is progressive. The saving of energy consumption depends on the high smart car market penetration rate. But one thing that can be confirmed is that intelligent vehicles are equipped with advanced sensors, controllers,and actuators, in combination with connecting communication technologies compared with conventional vehicles, for which the energy consumption of the vehicle will definitely increase. In this study, vehicle fuel consumption cost at different levels of intelligence is calculated, considering the energy consumption of hardware used for automation and connecting functions, the energy consumption cost generated by the quality of the hardware, and the wind resistance. The results reveal that the energy consumption per 100 kilometers of an intelligent vehicle ranges from 0.78L to 1.86L, more than traditional vehicle. The energy consumption cost of automation functions ismuch higher than that of the connecting functions.Computing platformperformance, connection strength, and radar performance are the three main factors that affect energy consumption cost. Based on the analysis, the high energy consumption cost of vehicular intelligence has a profound impact on choosing power platform.

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