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    Sustainable Mobility in China and its Implications for Emerging Economies

    [期刊]The Journal of Sustainable Mobility, 2015, vol.1, 6-10

    [作者]Fuquan Zhao*, Han Hao, Michael Zhang

    [摘要]Driven by the rapid economic growth and urbanization, China’s transport sector underwent profound changes over recent years, with mass motorization as one of its major characteristics. China’s vehicle stock grew from 16 million in 2000 to 154 million in 2014, implying an annual growth rate of 17.5%, which is comparable to the highest growth rates of developed countries during the same historical periods (National Bureau of Statistics, 2014). The rapid growth of vehicle ownership raises concerns over several issues, including urban traffic congestion, energy security, air pollutions and climate change. In Beijing, vehicles were responsible for 31.1% of PM2.5 emission from local sources, topping any other single sources (Beijing Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau, 2014). China’s transport associated CO2 emission accounted for about 8% of total CO2 emission from fuel combustion in 2011, and is increasing faster than any other sectors (IEA, 2013). Recent research suggests that energy consumption and greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions from China’s transport sector are likely to keep increasing through 2030 (Development Research Center of the State Council, 2009). How to establish a sustainable mobility system is one of the greatest challenges China faces.


     

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